India on 15th August 2022, Monday will celebrate 75 years of freedom from British rule. This day is an occasion of great pride as it marked the beginning of a new India in the year 1947. Throughout the years, India has gone through several ups and downs, some milestone moments in Indian history that define our country.
At midnight on 15th August 1947, as a new India was born, then PM Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the Indian Flag at Red Fort and delivered a speech. From fighting the Britishers for our freedom to making India one of the strongest on the global platform, we have come a long way.
Let’s have a look at India’s 75 milestone moments as we are all set to celebrate the 76th Independence Day:
1947 – As India gained Independence Day on 15th August 1947, the event also resulted in India splitting into two countries- India and Pakistan. It is one of the biggest human exoduses in world history.
1948 – The Kashmir war was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
1949 – On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India.
1950 – Later on 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India became effective and we became a Republic country.
1951 – 1st Five-Year Plan was presented for development of the primary sector. India hosted the first-ever Asian Games in the year 1951 in New Delhi.
1952 – The First Session of India’s Lok Sabha commenced on 13th May 1952.
1953 – Air India was nationalised by PM Nehru.
1954 – On April 29, 1954, India and China signed ‘Panchsheel’ or the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence.
1955 – State Bank of India was incorporated on 01 July 1955.
1956 – Asia’s first nuclear reactor, Apsara, was designed and built by India on August 4, 1956.
1957 – Government accounting was to be maintained in rupees and naye paise from April 1, 1957.
1958 – Mother India, first Indian movie, to be nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar in 1958.
1959 – The first television in India was introduced in 1959.
1960 – The Green Revolution began for agricultural development in India.
1961 – The Indian Army annexed Goa into India from the clutches of the Portuguese.
1962 – Sino-Indian War occurred in October-November 1962 between India and China over a disputed Himalayan border.
1963 – The first rocket was launched, marking the beginning of the Indian Space Programme, under the guidance of Vikram Sarabhai and APJ Abdul Kalam.
1964 – India’s first PM Jawahrlal Nehru died in 1964.
1965 – 2nd Indo-Pakistan War took place in April-September 1965. The UNSC intervened to call for an unconditional ceasefire.
1966 – Indira Gandhi Became the First Female PM of India
1967 – The 1967 General elections were held which was a watershed moment in India’s political history.
1968 – Indira Gandhi announced in Rae Bareilly that India will not sign the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Also, the Beatles visited Rishikesh, India during this time.
1969 – ISRO was formed in 1969 to strengthen India’s space research programmes.
1970 – The White Revolution began in the country in Jan 1970 to make India the world’s leading milk producer. It was called Operation Flood.
1971 – A military confrontation between India-Pakistan occurred during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
1972 – The ‘Simla Agreement’ was signed between India and Pakistan for peace through bilateral negotiations. This was a milestone moment with 25 years of India’s Independence.
1973 – The Chipko Movement began in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand for forest conservation.
1974 – India conducted its 1st nuclear test in Pokhran, Rajasthan, taking place in the list of nuclear-powered nations.
1975 – The Emergency was imposed by PM Indira Gandhi for 21 months across the county. Elections were cancelled, civil liberties suspended and opposition was arrested during this time. It was a dark phase in India’s history.
1976 – Sanjay Gandhi received strong backlash for his initiative associated with family planning.
1977 – The Emergency was finally withdrawn in March 1977 and Moraji Desai became the first non-congress PM of independent India.
1978 – Then PM Moraji Desai demonetized several high denomination bank notes.
1979 – The Mandal Commission was formed to help the socially and educationally backward classes of India.
1980 – Several banks were nationalised by the government in 1980.
1981 – The 12th round of the Census took place in 1981 and India’s population then was 685,184,692 people.
1982 – Colour TV was introduced in India and the 15th August 1982 parade was the first live telecast.
1983 – 1983 was a milestone for Indian cricket as India won the World Cup for the first time.
1984 – India sent its 1st astronaut, Rakesh Sharma, to space on a joint mission with Soviet Union. The 1984 anti-Sikh massacre saw almost 3000 people dead.
1985 – The famous Shah Bano case’s verdict came out in 1985 in support of Muslim women.
1986 – The Bofors scandal between India and Sweden involving purchase of howitzer guns came to light.
1987 – India was the host of the Cricket World Cup along with Pakistan. On 30 May 1987, Goa attained statehood.
1988 – On April 12 1988, the Securities and Exchange Board of India was established.
1989 – Agni-I missile was tested and successfully launched.
1990 – The Kuwait Airlift of 1990, is a heroic story in India’s history. Nearly 175,000 people were evacuated.
1991 – The New Economic Policy of Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation came out.
1992 – The Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu nationalist groups led to over 2000 people being killed in riots. The infamous Harshad Mehta scam took place in 1992
1993 – The Bombay blasts happened, leaving about 250 dead.
1994 – India’s Aishwarya Rai was crowned Miss World 1994 in Sun City, South Africa.
1995 – The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was founded under the GOI and Government of Delhi.
1996 – The 1996 Lok Sabha elections painted a different story for India.
1997 – 1997 marks a milestone moment with 50 years of India’s Independence.
1998 – In May 1998, the DRDO and AEC conducted tests for Pokhran-II.
1999 – The ‘Kargil War’ of 1999 between India-Pakistan took place in the Kargil district of J&K. India declared victory in ‘Operation Vijay’.
2000 – Three new states of Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh were formed.
2001 – The largest highway project in India was launched- ‘The Golden Quadrilateral Project’ connecting major cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata.
2002 – The 2002 Gujarat riots were one of the worst communal riots in India’s history leaving 1,044 dead, 223 missing and 2,500 injured.
2003 – Indian Cricket Team reached the Finals against Australia in the World Cup but didn’t win.
2004 – A huge tsunami in the Indian Ocean badly affected the East Coast of India and left about 10,000 dead.
2005 – The Right to Information (RTI Act) and MGNREGA Act were both enacted in 2005.
2006 – On 11 July 2006 a series of coordinated bombings struck in local trains in Mumbai.
2007 – Pratibha Patil became the 1st woman President of India from 2007-2012.
2008 – Chandrayan-I was launched by ISRO to explore the moon. Abhinav Bindra won India’s 1st individual gold medal at the Olympics. In Nov Mumbai faced terrorist attacks leaving 166 people dead.
2009 – Right to Education Bill was passed in 2009.
2010 – India hosted the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.
2011 – India lifted the World cup trophy for the 2nd time defeating Sri Lanka.
2012 – In 2012, India lost eminent personalities like Balasaheb Thackeray, Rajesh Khanna, Yash Chopra, Dara Singh and some others.
2013 – On Nov 5 2013, India became the first nation to complete the Mars Orbiter Mission in the first attempt.
2014 – India was certified to be a polio-free nation.
2015 – The NITI Aayog, an apex public policy think tank was established on Jan 1, 2015.
2016 – The GOI announced the demonetization of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 banknotes.
2017 – The Goods and Services Tax was launched in India.
2018 – In a landmark verdict, the SC decriminalized homosexuality.
2019 – The state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided into union territories of J&K and Ladakh as Article 370 was scrapped.
2020 – Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown hit the country.
2021 – ‘Azadi ka amrit Mahotsav’ campaign was launched in March 2021, to celebrate the 75th Independence Day of India.
2022 – India completes a milestone moment with 75 years of Independence as it celebrates the 76th Independence Day.
India is a country full of vibrant sceneries, historical monuments, great culture and festivals. Accounting for all, the good and bad of the country it still stands tall, inviting thousands of tourists with folded hands. Visit India once, to get lost in the array of culture and heritage. Choose between mountains, plains, rivers and beaches, the country serves it all.
- Independence Day 2022: How India Plans On Celebrating The Grand Occasion
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- India’s Independence Day Celebrations In Other Countries
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